• 字級大小
image歐洲整合的靈魂人物 Founding Fathers
 
─ 不凡的人物,卓越的方法,理想中的烏托邦終落實成今天的歐洲聯盟 ─
 
 

The following visionary leaders inspired the creation of the European Union we live in today. Without their energy and motivation we would not be living in the sphere of peace and stability that we take for granted. From resistance fighters to lawyers, the founding fathers were a diverse group of people who held the same ideals: a peaceful, united and prosperous Europe. Beyond the founding fathers described below, many others have worked tirelessly towards and inspired the European project. This section on the founding fathers is therefore a work in progress. 

 

Reference: http://europa.eu/about-eu/eu-history/index_en.htm
 
image Jean Monnet
(1888-1979)
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image Robert Schuman
(1886-1967)
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image Joseph Bech
(1887-1975)
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image Konrad Adenauer
(1876-1967)
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Alcide de Gasperi
(1881-1954)

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image Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899-1972)
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image歐洲聯盟的舵手─ 歐洲理事會 The European Council
 
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▲ 圖為 2015/04/23 歐洲理事會會議。圖片來源:歐盟官方網站。
 

  歐洲理事會(通常稱為歐盟首腦會議或歐盟高峰會)於1974年成立,由各成員國政府首長和國家元首組成,《里斯本條約》生效後,歐洲理事會成為歐盟內七大機構之一。身為歐盟最高決策機構之歐洲理事會,其會議結果將主導歐洲聯盟的優先政策取向及長遠發展,同時也是各國元首交流意見或化解危機的重要場所。

  歐洲理事會每半年舉行正式元首會議,亦因應特殊需求於其他時間舉行額外會議。

  歐洲理事會主席一職原由各國首長輪流擔任,任期六個月;後因歐盟會員國不斷擴大,輪值制度實施上有其困難,依2004年簽訂的《歐盟憲法》中所示,歐洲理事會主席改以選舉方式產生,任期兩年半。

 

 

 

 

 

The European Council defines the EU's overall political direction and priorities. It is not one of the EU's legislating institutions, so does not negotiate or adopt EU laws. Instead it sets the EU's policy agenda, traditionally by adopting 'conclusions' during European Council meetings which identify issues of concern and actions to take.

 

The members of the European Council are the heads of state or government of the 28 EU member states, the European Council President and the President of the European Commission.

 

The European Council mostly takes its decisions by consensus. However, in certain specific cases outlined in the EU treaties, it decides by unanimity or by qualified majority.

 

If a vote is taken, neither the European Council President nor the Commission President take part.

 

 

 

 

Reference: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/european-council/